Age-Appropriate Exercise for Dogs: Guidelines and Recommendations for Optimal Health

Abstract This article provides a comprehensive guide to age-appropriate exercise for dogs, including recommendations and cautions for each life stage, as well as common examples of activities and estimated caloric burn per minute. The stages of ontogeny covered include puppies, adolescents, adults, and seniors. In addition, this article includes a list of farm dog activities … Read more

How to Remediate Destructive Chewing in Dogs

Abstract Destructive chewing is a common problem in dogs, often caused by boredom, anxiety, and a lack of appropriate chew toys. This paper discusses the use of operant conditioning to remediate destructive chewing behavior in dogs. Through a case study involving a one-year-old English Shepherd named Buddy, we demonstrate the effectiveness of positive reinforcement, supervision, … Read more

Exploring the Flatboat Era: The Role of Flatboats and Dogs in American History

Abstract This article provides an overview of the flatboat era in American history, highlighting the important role that flatboats and dogs played during this time. The flatboat era, which occurred in the early 19th century, saw the rise of flatboats as a common mode of transportation and commerce on the Western rivers of the United … Read more

Dogs on the American Frontier: Protectors of Pioneers

Black and Tan English Shepherd

Abstract This article explores the role of dogs in the lives of pioneers on the American frontier. The pioneers who settled the frontier were a determined and self-reliant group of people who sought to shape the land to their desires and ambitions. Despite the challenges they faced, they believed that they could create a better … Read more