Factors Influencing Life Expectancy of English Shepherds and Other Breeds

This review synthesizes the existing literature on factors that influence the life expectancy of dogs. The factors examined include breed, genetics, diet, physical activity, veterinary care, dental health, obesity, training methods, owner behavior consistency, engagement in activities, and the living environment. The review highlights the importance of each factor in maintaining a dog’s overall … Read more

Early Socialization in Canines: Influences and Outcomes

The early socialization period in puppies is a critical phase that shapes their adult behavior, emotional well-being, and ability to form relationships with both humans and other animals. This review aims to provide an overview of the various factors that influence a puppy’s socialization and the long-term consequences of inadequate or negative experiences during … Read more