The Key Stages in a Dog’s Early Development

Canine ontogeny, or the development of dogs from conception to adulthood, is a complex and intriguing process. It is characterized by a series of six “natural” stages: (1) the prenatal period; (2) the neonatal period; (3) the transition period; (4) the socialization period; (5) the juvenile period; and (6) the pubertal period. Understanding these stages … Read more

The Impact of Early Life Experiences on Neonatal Dogs

Neonatal dogs, like other mammalian neonates, are highly sensitive to their early environment. The experiences and conditions they encounter during this critical developmental period can have lasting effects on their behavior, health, and overall well-being. Recent research has shed light on the importance of various factors, such as early life stress, maternal care, social … Read more