Puppy Bonding: From Novel Encounters to Enduring Friendships

Social relationships are an integral part of an animal’s life, and puppies are no exception. When two puppies meet for the first time, they are confronted with the challenge of deciphering each other’s signals and behaviors. This article explores the process through which puppies establish social bonds, transitioning from complex problem-solving to simple habits … Read more

The Startle Reflex: A Pivotal Milestone in Puppy Development

This article explores the startle reaction to sound as a reliable and easily observable indicator of a puppy’s sensory development, particularly hearing. The emergence of this reflex is closely associated with various developmental changes, marking the end of the transition period and the beginning of the socialization period. The importance of exposure to diverse … Read more