Practical Assortative Mating

A dog breed, or any animal breed, requires a delicate balance between genetic diversity and consistency of traits. Both of these aspects are essential for the breed’s long-term survival and health, as well as for maintaining the breed’s defining characteristics. Variability for Health: Variability in a breed’s gene pool is essential for maintaining the breed’s … Read more

Exploring the Ultimate and Proximate Causes of English Shepherd Behavior

This short article touches on the factors that influence farm dog behavior, examining both ultimate (evolutionary) and proximate (immediate) causes. Ultimate causes include natural selection and adaptation, which have resulted in farm dogs developing specific traits and instincts to excel in their roles on the farm. Proximate causes encompass learning, socialization, genetics, hormones, and … Read more