CHEW is a Canine Health Enrichment and Whelping Protocol

CHEW is a science-based protocol for whelping and raising healthy, operant puppies.

CHEW is public domain, meaning you are free to use, distribute and modify the protocol along with proper attribution to our original work. CHEW is agile, meaning we will occasionally make major releases to the protocol, but that the public may view our progress at any time.

Here is the major release page, currently BETA 0.5: http://breed.blacktans.com

Here is the Agile link to our work in progress: http://breed.blacktans.com/agile

Public Domain Mark
This work (A Canine Health Enrichment and Whelping Protocol, by the Old-fashioned Black & Tan English Shepherd Association) is free of known copyright restrictions.


The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire to please. ES activities include hunting, tracking, search-and-rescue, agility, obedience, companionship, and guard dog duty.

Next Steps:

The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd Association is a Tennessee non-profit public benefit corporation. We operate solely for educational and charitable purposes within the meaning of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. We work to preserve the unique qualities, integrity and longevity of the bloodline.

CHEW Protocol v 0.5 BETA

It is, of course, important at all ages to provide adequate nutrition and to prevent disease. Beyond these requirements, ideal care varies from period to period, and designing a good environment for the development of a puppy depends upon knowledge of the critical periods of development.  The red-colored nodes below labeled “Critical Period” will help you to understand period-specific requirements for care.  The blue-colored nodes are part of a recommended medical health protocol.  And the green nodes are procedural tasks necessary to facilitate the entire process.

Well Before BreedingMedical Health

Identify Breed-specific Genetic Diseases in Breeding Pair

Have each parent in the potential breeding pair tested for breed-specific genetic diseases. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations ... Read more

Just Before BreedingMedical Health

Parental Health Checks

Physical examination of each parent by a veterinary professional.  Have each parent tested for Brucellosis.  Ensure the dam is healthy enough to carry, whelp, and nurse a litter. Read about Brucellosis in dogs The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is ... Read more

3 Weeks Before Whelp

Ensure Critical Equipment and Consumables

Ensure you have critical equipment and consumables on hand. Consumables Goat’s Milk Calsorb Totrazuril 5% Pyrantel Vaccinations Puppy Formula Food (dry) Puppy Formula Food (wet) Vanilla Ice Cream, Pedialyte, Nutrastat or honey K-Y Jelly Betadyne solution Oral antibiotic such as Keflex or Baytril Equipment Whelping box with pig rails Vet’s fleece Hospital bed pads Size ... Read more

2 Weeks Before Whelp

Deworm Dam

Two weeks before whelp, give dam a puppy-safe, broad-spectrum de-wormer. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their ... Read more

2 Weeks Before Whelp

Switch Dam to Puppy Food

Two weeks before whelp, switch dam to puppy formula food. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their ... Read more

1 Week Before Whelp

Prepare the Whelping Area

Prepare the Whelping Area

Setup the whelping area and allow dam to begin nesting there. If you have a whelping box, put hospital bed pads down first, then vet’s fleece over that, and pig rails on top. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is ... Read more

At WhelpMedical Health

Record Puppy Weight

Record each puppy’s weight The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire to please. ... Read more

Day 0 - Day 13Critical Period

Neonatal Period

Neonatal Period

For the first two weeks of life, a canine neonate is unable to see, hear or thermoregulate.  Primarily, the entire neonatal period is devoted to one function; obtaining nutrition by nursing.   A normal mother will provide optimal care for her puppies, and attention should be concentrated on making sure that the dam is well nourished ... Read more

Day 14 - Day 21Critical Period

Transition Period

Transition Period

Evidence shows that the transition period is one of profound reorganization of behavior. The most essential change in function is from the neonatal to the adult form of nutrition. Another fundamental change is from the neonatal to the adult form of locomotion. This period starts with the opening of the eyes and ends with the ... Read more

Day 14Medical Health

Record Puppy Weight, Clip Toenails

Record each puppy’s weight and clip toenails The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and ... Read more

Day 14Medical Health

Puppy Wellness Check

Physical examination by a veterinary professional The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire ... Read more

Day 14Medical Health

Pyrantel

Dose each puppy with Pyrantel Pamoate The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire ... Read more

Day 14Medical Health

Toltrazuril 5%

Dose dam and each puppy with Toltrazuril 5% for the prevention of coccidiosis. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations ... Read more

Day 20Enrichment

Manding Training

Manding Training

Imagine how frustrating it would be for you if you felt you were unable to ask for things.   This is a frustration that people with autism can sometimes feel.  Fortunately, manding training is used to help individuals with autism learn to overcome this challenge.   Manding is a way for the autistic to ask for things.  ... Read more

Day 22 - Day 24Critical Period

Awareness Period

Awareness Period

For the 3 days after the transition period, puppies become fully alert and aware of their environment.  Qualitative changes to brainwave patterns indicate the onset of active learning. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable ... Read more

Week 3 - Week 12Critical Period

Socialization Period

Socialization Period

In the period of socialization, there are two basic rules for producing a well-balanced and well-adjusted dog. The first of these is that the ideal time to produce a close social relationship between a puppy and his handler occurs between 6 and 8 weeks of age. This is the optimal time to remove a puppy ... Read more

Day 28Medical Health

Record Puppy Weight, Clip Toenails

Record each puppy’s weight and clip toenails The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and ... Read more

Day 30Medical Health

Pyrantel

Dose each puppy with Pyrantel Pamoate The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire ... Read more

Day 35Medical Health

NEOPAR® (Canine Parvovirus Vaccine)

Give each puppy a NEOPAR® (Canine Parvovirus Vaccine) shot. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, ... Read more

Day 42Medical Health

NEOVAC® DA2 (Canine Distemper-Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine)

Give each puppy a NEOVAC® DA2 (Canine Distemper-Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine) shot. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due ... Read more

Day 42Medical Health

Record Puppy Weight, Clip Toenails

Record each puppy’s weight and clip toenails The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and ... Read more

Day 45Medical Health

Pyrantel

Dose each puppy with Pyrantel Pamoate The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire ... Read more

Day 49Medical Health

NEOPAR®

Give each puppy a NEOPAR® (Canine Parvovirus Vaccine) shot. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, ... Read more

Day 56Medical Health

Puppy Wellness Check

Physical examination by a veterinary professional The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire ... Read more

Day 56Medical Health

Record Puppy Weight, Clip Toenails

Record each puppy’s weight and clip toenails The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and ... Read more

Day 56Medical Health

NEOVAC®DA2

Give each puppy a NEOVAC® DA2 (Canine Distemper-Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine) shot. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due ... Read more

Day 60Medical Health

Pyrantel

Dose each puppy with Pyrantel Pamoate The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire ... Read more

Day 70Medical Health

NEOPAR®, NEOVAC® DA2

Give each puppy a NEOPAR® (Canine Parvovirus Vaccine) shot and give each puppy a NEOVAC® DA2 (Canine Distemper-Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine) shot. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of ... Read more

Week 12 - Month 6Sensitive Period

Juvenile Period

Juvenile Period

This period begins with the first long excursion away from the den or nest box and ends at sexual maturity. All the sense organs appear to be fully developed at the outset of the juvenile period. Permanent teeth begin to come in at about 16 weeks of age, and all are usually present by 6 ... Read more

Month 12Medical Health

NEOPAR®, NEOVAC® DA2

Give puppy a NEOPAR® (Canine Parvovirus Vaccine) shot and give puppy a NEOVAC® DA2 (Canine Distemper-Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine) shot. The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural ... Read more

Month 18 - Month 24Critical Period

Inhibition Period

Inhibition Period

From 18 to 24 months of age, puppies go through young adulthood.  They begin to look like an adult, but still lack the judgment and physiology to make good choices.  Impulse control may be lacking, and high-risk behaviors may surface.  Towards the end of this period, domesticated dogs go through an important tollgate as they ... Read more


The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire to please. ES activities include hunting, tracking, search-and-rescue, agility, obedience, companionship, and guard dog duty.

Next Steps:

The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd Association is a Tennessee non-profit public benefit corporation. We operate solely for educational and charitable purposes within the meaning of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. We work to preserve the unique qualities, integrity and longevity of the bloodline.