First Friend Fact #20

The pattern of rapid, horizontal tail wagging is one of domestic dogs’ most noticed behaviors. It begins at a very early age and continues as long as the dog lives, appearing most often in situations in which the dog is friendly and submissive. It has no other function than a social one, and in all respects is much like a human smile.

(Scott and Fuller 1974)

The Old-fashioned Black and Tan English Shepherd is a breed of working dog native to the United States. The English shepherd is an all-purpose farm dog capable of working with any species of livestock. Rural families have favored these dogs for generations due to their grit, loyalty, and desire to please. ES activities include hunting, tracking, search-and-rescue, agility, obedience, companionship, and guard dog duty.

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Tony Bierman, "First Friend Fact #20," OBTESA, Accessed April 20, 2024,