Identifying and Avoiding Hazards

Safety is paramount when raising a farm puppy, as farms can present various hazards that pose risks to both the animals and people living and working on the property. By being proactive and diligent, you can ensure that your farm is a secure environment for your puppy to explore, work, and play.

Fencing and enclosures

Start by inspecting and reinforcing the fencing around your property. Ensure that it is secure, free of gaps, and tall enough to prevent your puppy from jumping over or digging under it. Proper fencing not only keeps your puppy safe but also prevents them from wandering off or chasing livestock and wildlife.

Farm equipment and machinery

Farm equipment and machinery, such as tractors, hay balers, and mowers, can be dangerous to curious puppies. Store equipment in secure, locked areas when not in use, and educate family members and farm workers about the importance of being cautious when operating machinery around your puppy.

Chemicals and pesticides

Farms often use chemicals and pesticides to protect crops and livestock. Make sure to store these substances in secure, locked cabinets or containers, out of your puppy’s reach. Be cautious when applying these products and keep your puppy away from treated areas until it is safe for them to return.

Bodies of water

Ponds, rivers, or irrigation channels can pose drowning risks to young puppies who are not yet strong swimmers. Install barriers or fencing around these areas to prevent your puppy from accidentally falling in, and supervise them closely when they are near water.

Wildlife and pests

Farms are home to various wildlife species, some of which may pose a threat to your puppy. Be aware of the types of wildlife in your area, and take steps to minimize interactions. Additionally, ensure that your puppy is up-to-date on vaccinations and parasite prevention to protect them from diseases transmitted by pests such as rodents and insects.

Toxic plants

Some plants commonly found on farms can be toxic to dogs if ingested. Familiarize yourself with the toxic plants in your area and remove them from your puppy’s accessible areas, or teach your puppy to avoid these plants during their training.


By identifying and mitigating these potential hazards, you can create a safer environment for your farm puppy to grow, work, and play. Regularly assess and update your safety measures as your puppy grows and their abilities change. With vigilance and care, you can provide your puppy with a secure and nurturing environment where they can thrive and contribute to the overall success and happiness of your farm.

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Tony Bierman, "Identifying and Avoiding Hazards," OBTESA, Accessed February 28, 2024,