Farm Shepherds Magazine

J. Richard McDuffie "invented" The Leopard Breed, McCurdy Horses, Camus Curs, and Old Time Farm Shepherds to name a few. He was a brilliant breeder and produced many good animals until his last few years. He understood genetics exceptionally well and knew what traits to look for to produce top animals. -- quote from a UKC Forums post by Richard Bailey

Reprinted with permission from Full Cry Magazine

First printed Nov, 1997, Full Cry

In 45 years I have seen many fads come and go. Most of the factors controlling the popularity of types of hunting dogs are driven by fads. There are few advantages of growing old. However, one of the advantages is being able to look at the big picture and recognize that these fads will also pass. As others have.

Few of those who raise and sell pups of any breed know much about the history of their dogs or have a long-range vision of where they want to go with a breeding program, much less how to go about getting there if they did.

The Leopard Cur breed has it's roots in the early settlement of the Carolinas and Georgia. There is no unbroken written record of their descent from the original imported stock till the present. No one knows all the influences along the way. I doubt if anyone has spent as many years, driven as many miles, done as many interviews, or read as many books researching the history of cur dogs as I have. Yet I hear from a lot of people who think they have all the answers. Most of those with all the answers haven't yet heard the question.

It is my considered opinion, based on 45 years of research and experience, that the Leopard breed descended from the farm dogs that were brought to this country from the British Isles. What were they? They were basically shepherd types. They were unlikely to have been any specific breed, but a type that couldserve as guard dog, and hunting dog. From the early seventeenth century until the end of World War II (when written records were started) we can surmise.From the mid forties we pretty well know because of oral and written records, even before registration began in 1961.

Many characteristics of farm shepherd types are evident in today's Leopard Curs. One is color. All Shepherd breeds from Great Britain have the merle color phase. In the fifties and sixties we frequently had Leopard Curs born with long hair! Steve Ingram's Old Dragon Lady female was one of the last of these. When some of her descendants have been inbred, They have produced long-haired offspring. All true leopards have two coats-- a rough outer coat of guard hairs, and a wooly undercoat. Many have a flag tail and thigh feathers. It is my opinion that July hounds and Goodman hounds got their merle genes from the same ancestry as the Leopard Cur rather than the other way around.

The Leopard Cur's method of baying and fighting big game is a dead give away of their shepherd ancestry. They fight and run. The dog baying in front runs when charged but as soon as the game turns to face those eating his backside, the dog that was just running is pulling hair on the quarry's backside. Slash and run is definitely a Shepherd trait.

A third shepherd trait in Leopard Curs is voice. All pure Leopard Curs chop on track and tree. Show me one that bawls and I'll show you a hound in the pedigree, providing the pedigree is correct. While chop mouth Leopards have a much heavier and louder voice than most modern day Shepherds, My Old Time Farm Shepherd, Tank, could easily be mistaken as a Leopard, treeing.

Fourth and most convincing of all Leopard traits, is person ality, or temperament. Like farm shepherd breeds they are extremely intelligent but they are also extremely sensitive. Their greatest desire is to please their master. The only training needed is to gain a pup's confidence then show it what you want it to do. A harsh word can be as destructive as a clubbing, oftentimes.

People who are loud and boisterous seldom have much success with Leopard Curs. Their sensitivity has a negative and positive side. The same temperament that is devastated by the yelling, cursing, kicking handler is what makes them easily trained by the kind gentle, understanding handler. Those who are "rough on dogs" probably should not try a leopard. In fact there are few cur dogs of any breed that will work for that type person. Those people would probably do better with hard-headed hounds.


This is an unbiased review of the Icefang Tactical Dog Harness.  I will mention a few product accessories as well.  At the bottom of the article, I will provide links to buy these items at the same price I paid for them.  I am not incentivised or affiliated with the manufacturers or re-sellers of these products.  I paid full price for these items and I use them on a regular basis. 

Here my English Shepherd boy Hawkeye models the harness and accessories before we head out for a hike. Hawkeye only wears this heavier harness on cool mornings and during cooler seasons.  For hot weather, we'd be using a lighter weight harness.



This is a capture of the dorsal side of the Icefang harness configured as I use it on a regular basis.



And here's the dorsal side of the harness without attached accessories.  The connection points, buckles and stitching are superior to any harness I've used.  As you can see, there's a lot of velcro down the middle and a PALS attachment grid on each side.    Under the sturdy handle is a heavy duty dorsal connection point.


This photo illustrates one method of attaching MOLLE (pronounced molly) accessories to a PALS grid.


Here is a view of the underside of the harness. Again, note the two heavy duty connection points.  The metal, 'D' shaped connection rings are attached to the harness body with broad, double stitching.  


Here's the underside again, this time connected to a lead in my favorite configuration. The ability to attach to the front pull connector, but thread the leash back behind the front legs is my favorite feature of this harness.  Threaded this way, the leash comes out from under Hawkeye's side, under his ribs and behind his forelegs.  It works really well for both dog and walker.


Nearly friction-less.  Any tension in the leash rubs on the metal ring and the harness, not Hawkeye's body.  If you have a big, strong dog then both you and your best friend will really appreciate this uncommon feature.  Hawkeye does his best walking when he's wearing this harness, and I think the threaded lead configuration is why.


Here are the pair of MOLLE pouches I bought separately.


And finally, these elastic and velcro "keepers" are great for quickly connecting anything from water bottles to magazine clips onto your harness.


I'm really happy with the fit, functionality, quality and apparent durability of the Icefang Tactical Dog Harness.  Here's a list of links to buy the harness and accessories:

Icefang brand Tactical Dog Harness on Amazon (Large) for $39.99

Novemkada brand MOLLE Pouches (2 pack) on Amazon for $14.98

Condor brand Elastic Keepers (2 pack) on Amazon for $11.99


Happy hiking!


Josie by the Chickens

In the 1980s, there were some folks who missed the reliable and versatile farm dogs of their childhood. They knew the type of dog they sought was on the verge of extinction. And so an effort was launched to locate the descendants of the collie landrace. Sought out were dogs who retained the varied instincts and traits of America's once ubiquitous, but now nearly forgotten working farm dog. Luckily, a few scattered individuals still remained.

A few years later, the American Working Farmcollie Association was founded in 1998. Then as well as now, the association seeks to preserve the working instincts and traits found in all breeds descended from the collie landrace. To qualify for permanent registration with the American Working Farmcollie Association, a candidate must pass evaluations in at least two out of three identified working areas. Of course, double registration is encouraged. For example, a dog may be registered by breed as an English Shepherd, Australian Shepherd, Shetland Sheepdog, Kelpie, AKC Collie or Border Collie. And then based on his or her working evaluation, a dog may also be registered with the AWFA. In this regard, the AWFA describes itself as the 'Good Farmkeeping Seal of Approval' for working farm dogs.

Another function of the AWFA is to help match farmers with working farm dogs. The AWFA provides technical support to help raise and train working dogs to become productive, successful farm partners. An eligible working farm dog may be English Shepherd, Australian Shepherd, Shetland Sheepdog, Kelpie, AKC Collie, Border Collie, or a mix of these breeds.

In support of its mission, the AWFA maintains an excellent web site chock-full of useful information about working farm dogs. In addition to member registration, the AWFA website also provides breeder education, dog training articles, a list of breeders, and more. The site is both well-organized and easily searchable. As well, AWFA members can easily be reached for questions and advice by joining their AWFA Facebook group.



Since she moved to her forever home here at our ranch on Roanoke Creek, Josie has watched each morning as my boy Hawkeye and I moved our Pygmy goats from pen to pasture. But just about a week ago, Josie suddenly and almost magically went from being an uninterested, frolicky puppy to a serious, enthusiastic stock dog in training. She's currently four months, sixteen days young. Each day, she has paid attention as Hawkeye walked behind the goats with me, coaxing them up the hill, through the orchard and on to the pasture. Hawkeye stays on lead the whole time. He's too rough on the small Pygmy goats. Or rather, I'm too inexperienced of a handler to manage the interaction properly. Hawkeye and I will attend a herding clinic next month so I can get better. But, I digress.

Back to Josie. Since she started showing interest, I decided to give Josie her own opportunity with the Pygmies. So for the past three or four days, instead of Hawkeye it has been Josie on long lead, pushing the goats up the hill. Each day, she has moved the goats fine, but she has always looked back at me and complained about the leash. She looks at me as if to say, “I've got this, let me go”. I've been hesitant. She's still so young. And a year of working with Hawkeye has made me more cautious. He's a lot of dog. Mistakes with Hawkeye can mean there will be blood.

Well, today Josie wore me down. She jetted out to the end of the lead, barking at the goats to push them along the gravel path and on up the hill. I complimented her with a “good girl”. She turned her head and smiled, leaving the goats and coming back to me right away. She has an off switch! Wow, that's nice. But as usual, on her way back to me she took the opportunity to bark at me, taking the long lead in her mouth. “Let me do my job”, she seemed to growl with the flat cotton leash between her teeth.

Well, this time I relented. “OK”, I thought. “You're way too young. But, you've been doing great. I'll let you off lead for just a minute. But if this goes wrong, Caroline Betts is going to let me have it.”

So, I held my breath and detached the long, blue lead from her harness. Once I took her lead off, she was nothing short of amazing. No wasted time or energy. No messing around. Josie just knew what to do.

"It's about time", I think I heard her bark. "Watch what I was born to do."

She pushed the herd of nine goats to the exact spot I take them every morning. She used her voice mostly. The goats are dog trained, and Hawkeye has instilled plenty of respect in them. But, Josie was faster than any dog my goats have ever seen. Her methods were not just brute force. She darted in, barked to move them, and quickly darted back out before they could rear-up on her. Fast and decisive. Overwhelming.  They had no choice but to comply.

“Good girl”, I told her. I was amazed at what I had just seen. Stoically, I tried to hide the elation from my voice. It had come so easily to her.  “Now Josie, come here”, I told her. Without hesitation, she disengaged from the goats and came right back to me. I re-attached the long lead to her harness. Then I took her to get a big, crunchy dog biscuit reward. I praised her the whole walk back. Hawkeye saw it all from his kennel. And by the spring in her walk, I'm pretty sure Josie knew it.

"Look what I can do", she left unsaid.

That's OK, a little friendly competition raises all ships. Hawk may even learn a thing or two from her.  Don't feel bad for Hawkeye.  He still gets to put them back in the pen.


Where does raw goat's milk come from? Goats, of course.  In the case of my seven dogs, their goat's milk comes from the happy and well cared for goats at Bonnie Blue Farm.  Yesterday, Bekkey and I were fortunate enough to get a wonderful tour of our local goat dairy from affable proprietor Gayle Tanner.   Gayle was there to greet us when we arrived, and promptly took us on a tour of her farm.

Bonnie Blue Farm

Being the dog nut that I am, the first thing I noticed were two calm, confident Great Pyrenees keeping watch over things. It was a pleasure to meet both the girls!

Next, we got to meet the stars of the show.  I was amazed at how clean, well-kept and organized the goats were.  It was immediately clear to me that Gayle kept a tight ship.  All the goats looked so happy!

The absolute coolest part of the tour was when we discovered this secret, previously unknown entrance to King Thorin's Hall.

Cave Entrance

Just kidding! Sorry for the nerdy Tolkien reference.  Seriously though, this is the entrance to an amazing cheese cave. 

Inside the cheese cave are shelves and shelves of cheese wheels aging to perfection!

Gayle told us that some of these cheese wheels have 10 gallons of milk in them!

Amazing.  We had a wonderful time.  It was so educational, and Gayle was such a gracious host.

If you're lucky enough to have a local goat dairy, consider feeding raw goat's milk to your dogs.  I give my dogs about four ounces per day, poured over kibble and topped with a farm fresh raw egg.  Here's some more information about feeding your dog raw goat's milk.